Diet for gastritis

Nutrition for gastritis: what can and cannot be eaten?

Gastritis is one of the most common diseases of our time. Frequent escaping snacks and meals, a variety of fast foods, poisoning from poor quality food - all this can cause gastritis. This is the reason why many people now suffer from stomach problems. How can you deal with them?

It is not necessary to take medication regularly, the main thing in the treatment is a proper and well-chosen diet, which will not irritate the mucous membranes and aggravate the disease, but will be saturated. with all the necessary macronutrients and vitamins for the body.

vegetable puree soup for gastritis

Basic rules

The main task of the diet for gastritis is to follow a diet that ensures normal digestion. The following should be on the gastritis treatment table (per day):

  • 90-100 qr. squirrels (and 60% of animals),
  • 50-80 qr. fat (75% animal)
  • 300-320 qr. carbohydrates.

Nutrition rules for gastritis:

  1. Measurement information. During gastritis, the saying "there should be a slight feeling of hunger after eating" is more relevant than ever. First, the feeling of satiety occurs only 10-15 minutes after a meal, and secondly, an overflowing stomach does not cope well with work, especially with gastritis.
  2. Diet. You must first follow a food intake (at the same time). Second, with gastritis, food should be fractional 4-5 times a day, but at the same time snacks should be avoided (they cause "excess" secretion of gastric juice and reduce production at breakfast / lunch / dinner. Disrupts food processing and assimilation processes). You should definitely avoid reading while eating, watching TV and "running on the road".
  3. Rest after eating. You should rest for 15-20 minutes after each meal (no need to sleep). You can read a book or listen to music.
  4. Chews food. Prolonged chewing of food (at least 25-30 seconds per piece) helps the patient to process the food more mechanically, which facilitates the work of the stomach. In addition, in this case, hunger is satisfied faster (this prevents overeating). Refrain from complex meals

The total energy value should be 2200-2800 kcal.

High acidity nutrition

With this form of gastritis, it is recommended to use a diet aimed at thermal and mechanical saving of the stomach, as well as reducing gastric secretion.

Allowed products:

  • casserole, cheesecake, meatballs, oven-baked cheesecake;
  • milk, especially with tea, all kinds of fermented dairy products, including yogurt and yogurt, fresh mashed cottage cheese;
  • fish, meat or chicken soups cooked in cereal broth;
  • milk sauces with dry white crackers, vegetables and butter, cereals or pasta;
  • steamed omelets, eggs in a bag, vegetable dishes in the form of mashed potatoes, puddings, soufflés, weak tea, jellies, creams and compotes with sweet fruits and berries;
  • veal, lean beef, chicken in the form of meatballs, puddings, zraz, steamed cutlets (it is allowed to eat 1-2 times a week in the form of lean boiled pieces of meat).

Prohibited products:

  • oily mushroom and meat broths;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • spicy smoked meats;
  • raw vegetables, pickles, pickles, spicy vegetable snacks, lemon juice;
  • black bread.

The purpose of the diet is to normalize the function of the intestines and stomach, increase gastritis with high acidity to limit thermal, chemical and mechanical stimuli.

food pyramid for gastritis

Low acidity nutrition

The purpose of the diet for low-acid gastritis is to stimulate the production of gastric juice (as well as mechanical savings of the stomach).

Prohibited foods for hypoacid gastritis:

  • restriction of pearl barley, legumes, millet;
  • fresh bread, baked goods ("heavy" food for the stomach, complicating chemical and mechanical processing);
  • oily and salted fish;
  • coarse-grained vegetables and fruits (white cabbage, turnips, radishes, cucumbers, peppers), mushrooms;
  • fatty meat, meat with fascia (films), canned food, smoked meat (inadequate mechanical processing of food, excessive release of hydrochloric acid);
  • neutralizes spicy and salty cheeses, lactic-hydrochloric acid;
  • grains or thick-skinned berries (raspberries, strawberries, red currants, gooseberries, figs);
  • spices and herbs (irritate the stomach), as well as chocolate, grape juice, alcohol;
  • pork, beef, lamb and lard (hydrochloric acid is not absorbed due to low production, they are difficult to digest).

Food should be taken after the onset of hydrochloric acid secretion, ie in the first stage (advertisements or programs about food, beautiful pictures of food, "tasty" conversations can cause the secretion of gastric juice).

Diet for acute gastritis

Special attention should be paid to the diet for gastritis in the acute stage. The requirements for the products are the same for all types of this pathology, but more stringent.

Recommended in acute forms of the disease:

  • low-fat cottage cheese;
  • yesterday's white bread and dough or cake;
  • only lean meat, boiled and mashed or finely chopped;
  • soups only in vegetable broths;
  • non-acidic compotes and jellies;
  • in the form of a soft-boiled egg or a steamed omelet;
  • vegetable puree from a variety of baby foods, as well as fish and meat puree from a jar is good to borrow from babies;
  • teas or sugar-free infusions.

It is completely excluded from the menu during the period of immediate exacerbation:

  • preservatives, flavor enhancers, artificially colored products;
  • raw vegetables and fruits;
  • milk and any dairy foods;
  • all kinds of dough except yesterday's bread;
  • margarine, cooking oil and butter;
  • pearl barley;
  • beans and beans of all kinds.

However, all general restrictions on the products themselves and the methods of preparation remain in force. In general, the crisis passes in 3-4 days, then the diet becomes more varied in accordance with the general recommendations for patients with gastritis.

Sample menu for a week

To get an impression of the diet, you can look at the diet menu for gastritis with recipes for about a week. There is a clear fractional diet schedule: eat several times a day. For a week, such a meal looks attractive and meets your energy needs thanks to the thoughtful amount of calories.

Day 1:

  • Breakfast - buckwheat, milk souffle, tea.
  • Second breakfast - 1 glass of sweet oatmeal.
  • Lunch - slimy rice soup, spaghetti with beef zrazy, boiled carrots and peas, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon snack - fermented milk curd.
  • Dinner - vegetable stew, steamed meatballs, a light herbal decoction with honey.
  • Before going to bed - 1 cup of fruit jelly.

Day 2:

  • Breakfast - a mixture of boiled eggs, dried bread, boiled oatmeal, apples and hips.
  • Second breakfast - boiled dried fruit compote (1 cup) and dry biscuits.
  • Lunch - buckwheat soup, pumpkin puree, chicken zrazy, milk tea (sugar can be added).
  • Afternoon snack - 1 glass of milk, yogurt, kefir and toast (toast is not acceptable).
  • Dinner - noodles with steamed beef, sour cream vegetable salad, cocoa. Before bedtime: 250 grams of low-fat fermented boiled milk.

3rd day:

  • Breakfast - oatmeal, boiled fish, milk tea;
  • The second breakfast - milk jelly.
  • Lunch - chicken vegetable soup, mashed potatoes and carrots, steamed cutlets, milk cocoa.
  • Afternoon snack - fermented milk curd.
  • Dinner - a dumpling with boiled peas, toast, dried fruit compote.
  • Before going to bed - kefir or milk.

Day 4:

  • Breakfast - fermented milk curd with honey, toast, dried fruit compote.
  • Second breakfast - kefir or 1 glass of milk.
  • Lunch - stew with mashed potatoes, vegetables and rabbit, dried fruit compote.
  • Afternoon snack - fresh fruit mousse or milk souffle.
  • Dinner - rice porridge with boiled rabbit, boiled carrots and peas, milk tea.
  • Before going to bed - milk cocoa and 2 oatmeal cookies.

Day 5:

  • Breakfast - boiled eggs, dried bread, boiled oatmeal, milk cocoa.
  • Second breakfast - 1 glass of sweet oatmeal.
  • Lunch - pea soup, steamed fish, baked pumpkin.
  • Afternoon snack - milk jelly.
  • Dinner - vegetable casserole, steamed fish, hip juice.
  • Before going to bed - 1 cup kefir and oatmeal cookies.

Day 6:

  • Breakfast - buckwheat, buckwheat, milk souffle, tea.
  • Second breakfast - baked fruit and a glass of milk.
  • Lunch - soup with cauliflower, zrazy with rice, cocoa with milk.
  • Afternoon snack - vegetable casserole and tea.
  • Dinner - steamed fish with carrots and peas, salad with vegetables and sour cream, hips decoction.

Day 7:

  • Breakfast - baked apple stuffed with cottage cheese, toast, juice.
  • Second breakfast - kefir or milk.
  • Lunch - chicken vegetable soup, mashed potatoes and carrots, steamed cutlets, milk cocoa.
  • Afternoon snack - fermented milk curd with honey.
  • Dinner - boiled chicken noodles, baked pumpkin, milk cocoa.
  • Before going to bed - 1 cup of fruit jelly.

With such a diet, the acute phase of the disease will quickly pass into the remission phase of gastritis.

oatmeal for gastritis

Menu for the week, selection number 2

People who are on a diet for gastritis are advised to plan their menu a week in advance with recipes. A clear plan of action will help you avoid harmful snacks. It is easier when the necessary food is prepared in the patient's refrigerator. And a person knows how and what can be cooked quickly from them.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Steamed fish cutlet. Boiled potatoes. Tea.
  • Strengthening - 10: 00. Low-fat cottage cheese.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Pearl barley soup with vegetables. Corn porridge with boiled meat. Compote.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Sweet crackers. Root juice.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Baked chicken meatballs. Mashed potatoes on the water. Charlotte. Tea.
  • Night - 21: 00. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Oatmeal with egg white omelet. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Baked apples.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Low-fat vegetable soup. Boiled chicken rice porridge. Compote.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Sweet crackers. Rosehip drink.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Mashed potatoes with a slice of lean fish. Semolina pudding. Kissel.
  • At night. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Rice porridge with turkey meatballs. Milk tea.
  • Strengthening - 10: 00. Curd casserole with low-fat sour cream.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup. Rabbit cutlets are steamed in a vegetable casserole. Compote.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Sweet crackers. Rosehip drink.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Oatmeal in half milk with chicken meatballs. Fresh berry juice.
  • Night - 21: 00. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning— 7: 00. Boiled tongue. Semi-milky semolina porridge. Tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Baked apples.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup with thin noodles. Mashed potatoes in water with boiled turkey. Compote.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Galette cookies. Rosehip drink.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Potato casserole with minced meat. Tea.
  • Night - 21: 00. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Buckwheat porridge with protein omelet. Milk tea.
  • Reinforcement - 10: 00. Kissel.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup. Chicken meatballs with boiled vegetable puree. Compote.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Sweet crackers. Dried fruit compote.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Mashed potatoes on the water with boiled fish. Tea.
  • Night - 21: 00. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Oatmeal with half milk. Steamed fish cakes from lean fish. Tea.
  • Strengthening - 10: 00. Low-fat fresh cottage cheese. Baked apples.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable soup. Boiled potatoes. Beef is weird. Compote.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Baked fish. Boiled carrot puree. Tea.
  • Night - 21: 00. A glass of low-fat kefir.


  • Morning - 7: 00. Baked meat souffle. Oatmeal with half milk. Tea.
  • Strengthening - 10: 00. Carrot-apple souffle.
  • Lunch - 13: 00. Vegetable rice soup. Buckwheat with steamed rabbit cutlets. Carrot and banana juice.
  • Reinforcement - 16: 00. Sweet crackers. Tea.
  • Lunch - 18: 30-19: 00. Mashed potatoes on the water. Boiled fish. Rosehip drink.
  • Night - 21: 00. A glass of low-fat kefir.

How long should a diet be followed for gastritis? Strict monitoring is required during and after the first months of exacerbation. Ideally, however, a patient diagnosed with gastritis should follow the recommended table during remission. However, menu extensions and holiday exceptions are possible. Only within reasonable limits and not to mention coffee, cigarettes, alcohol and fatty foods.

Recipes for gastritis

Dietetics offers different recipes for diversifying the diet for gastritis in adults and children. Have sensitive heat treatment regimens, do not use spices and oils.

The main rule of nutrition for a sick stomach: food should be at a moderate temperature. Eating hot or cold will aggravate ulcerative gastritis. Below we will describe some recipes for cooking at home with stomach ailments.

Gentle breakfast for gastritis

Beef zrazy


  • 200 g of lean veal or beef;
  • 20 g of cooked rice;
  • 30 g crackers;
  • half a teaspoon of butter.


  • Grind the meat in a blender or meat grinder.
  • Add crackers.
  • Prepare a cake.
  • Put rice and butter in the center of each. It will add a creamy flavor.
  • Make zraz and send to a double boiler or multi-cooker for 15 minutes.
Beef zrazy for gastritis

Steam beads


  • beef - 200 g,
  • roll - 10 g,
  • fat - 10 g.

Combine the minced meat in a meat grinder with a stale loaf of bread soaked in water and pass through a meat grinder. Add water, salt and crush well. Form meatballs and steam.

steam balls for gastritis

The fish is mixed


  • pike perch - 200 g,
  • carrots - 5 g
  • gelatin, eggs - 1/4.


  • Peeled fish is cut into small pieces and boiled in pre-cooked vegetable broth.
  • Swollen gelatin is added to the resulting broth, mixed well and filtered through double gauze.
  • The fish is placed in a bowl or mold, the bottom is decorated with chopped carrots, poured with filtered broth and cooled.
  • The fish pieces are poured with broth and cooled.
fish aspik for gastritis

Curd cream


  • weight of cottage cheese - 100 g,
  • sugar - 25 g
  • butter, eggs - 1/4,
  • sour cream - 20 q,
  • vanilla sugar,
  • milk - 30 g,
  • flour - 5 q.


  • A sauce is made from flour, milk, eggs and sugar.
  • egg yolk is ground with wheat flour and sugar,
  • Pour in boiling milk and heat, stirring constantly until thickened,
  • oil is added to the cooled mass.
  • Grated cottage cheese, vanilla sugar, sour cream are added to the resulting mixture,
  • The whole mass is well ground and put in a salad bowl.
cottage cheese cream for gastritis

Milk soup with bread crumbs


  • milk - 400 g,
  • sugar, crackers - 50 g,
  • egg yolk - 1/3,
  • vanilla, oil, water - 50 gr.


  • Crushed white crackers are added to milk and boiled water.
  • Yoghurt with sugar is added to the milk, which is removed from the heat, and butter is added before serving.
Milk soup with croutons for gastritis

I . . . can i

What is allowed and what is not allowed? List of staple foods and drinks.

  1. Fish - only low-fat marine fish species such as pollock, cod, hake. The best tea fish are rye and strawberries. It is better to completely abandon canned fish and fried fish, all the beneficial properties of any fish are lost during production, and many spices and preservatives, carcinogens can be more than obtained. As with meat, it is good to steam the fish by limiting the spices.
  2. Coffee - it is absolutely impossible to drink black coffee with gastritis on an empty stomach, even in large quantities, especially with an increase in gastric acidity. Coffee or milk cocoa with low acidity is allowed, but in limited quantities.
  3. Meat - you can eat with gastritis, but low-fat varieties - beef, veal, chicken, rabbit. Steam cutlets are especially useful for gastritis, because the meat is finely chopped and steamed. If it is only steamed meat, any meat product should be chewed very carefully and not overused, as it is a burden on the stomach. Naturally, neither smoked nor uncooked smoked sausages and sausages can be used for gastritis.
  4. Cheese - no gastritis of spicy or very salty cheeses is allowed, even ordinary hard cheese should be eaten in limited quantities in small slices.
  5. Banana - Can bananas be used during gastritis? It is a healthy fruit that is low in fiber, soft, easy to digest and contains many nutrients that the body needs. Although diet number 5 prohibits fruits such as dates and bananas, many gastroenterologists believe that moderate consumption cannot be harmed and that bananas should and should be eaten with gastritis.
  6. Watermelon is something you can eat with gastritis, but very little. You can eat only 1-2 slices with any acidity.
  7. Melon is almost the most difficult plant product not only for the stomach, but also for the pancreas and gallbladder. Even the digestive system of a completely healthy person has difficulty fighting the melon, so anyone suffering from gastritis should refrain from such a dubious product.
  8. Chocolate - it is better to give up this product completely.
  9. Hazelnuts, seeds, legumes - no type of hazelnuts should be used for gastritis, the same applies to seeds and legumes.
  10. Honey can be used because it has wound healing properties and is a fortified and useful product. However, everything is moderately good, especially since many people may be allergic to bee products.
pollock with gastritis

Is it possible to get rid of gastritis completely?

In mild cases, with superficial gastritis, it is possible to completely cure it if you lead a healthy lifestyle and follow the following strict rules, which turn out to be a very difficult task in practice:

  1. Meals should be 5-6 times a day, at certain times, the last meal at least 2 hours before bedtime.
  2. Continue to follow a diet, eat dry food, fast food.
  3. Avoid smoking and drinking.
  4. Avoid overeating and long breaks in meals.
  5. No physical stress, constantly monitor the condition of the body, do not work too hard, do not overdo it, sleep at least 8 hours a night, preferably 1 hour during the day.

It is worth working on yourself to develop resistance to stress (resistance to stress) or to exclude psycho-emotional overload.